Clinical Topics

VA Research: Vancomycin Lowers Death Rates in Severe C. Diff Infection

VA Research: Vancomycin Lowers Death Rates in Severe C. Diff Infection

SALT LAKE CITY — Severe illness caused by the bacteria Clostridium difficile (C. diff) is now the most common hospital-acquired infection in the United States. A new VA-led study suggests, however, that it is not always being treated appropriately.

VA Pharmacist-Led Diabetes Clinic Improves Glycemic Control, Reduces Costs

VA Pharmacist-Led Diabetes Clinic Improves Glycemic Control, Reduces Costs

SAN DIEGO — Many veterans drift for years with out-of-control diabetes, despite regular visits with their primary care physician and prescriptions for anti-glycemic agents.

PTSD Impairs Blood Vessel Function, Increases Cardiovascular Disease Risks

PTSD Impairs Blood Vessel Function, Increases Cardiovascular Disease Risks

SAN FRANCISCO — The relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and elevated risk for cardiovascular disease and mortality has been well documented in recent years. How PTSD specifically affects heart health, however, has been less clear.

Few Veterans with Heart Failure Participate in Cardiac Rehabilitation

Few Veterans with Heart Failure Participate in Cardiac Rehabilitation

SAN FRANCISCO—Despite evidence that cardiac rehabilitation reduces morbidity and mortality, few patients with heart failure undertake it, including veterans who often have difficulty accessing center-based programs.

Post-Deployment Factors Influence Gambling Addiction

WEST HAVEN, CT—Gambling disorder and its comorbid diagnoses are observed at higher rates in military veterans than in the general population, but a significant research gap exists regarding the relationships of veterans’ life and service experiences to problematic gambling, according to a new study.

Alcohol Abuse, PTSD Can Be Treated Simultaneously

DURHAM, NC — Many servicemembers and veterans seeking treatment for alcohol problems have experienced the life-threatening stress of combat, many have post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and many servicemembers and veterans seeking treatment for PTSD also have alcohol or other substance problems.

New Soldiers’ Alcohol Abuse Linked to Mental Disorders

LA JOLLA, CA— Problem drinking that predates enlistment into military service might be a contributor to the overall burden of alcohol misuse and mental disorders in the U.S. Armed Forces, but evidence remains somewhat limited.

How Low To Go: The Continuing Controversy on BP Targets

How Low To Go: The Continuing Controversy on BP Targets

After the release of the SPRINT research in 2015, the question about treating hypertension in older adults appeared to be, “How low can you go?”

MS or Chronic Multisymptom Illness? Making the Tricky Diagnosis in Recent Veterans

MS or Chronic Multisymptom Illness? Making the Tricky Diagnosis in Recent Veterans

Diagnosing multiple sclerosis in its early stages can be difficult in the best of circumstances.

New Surveillance Registry Helps VA Provide Consistent Care to MS Patients

New Surveillance Registry Helps VA Provide Consistent Care to MS Patients

After several years of development and testing, the VA’s Multiple Sclerosis Surveillance Registry (MSSR) is ready for rollout — and that means veterans are likely to receive more consistent and better coordinated care.

Battlefield Genitourinary Damage Alters Lives Beyond Physical Injuries

Battlefield Genitourinary Damage Alters Lives Beyond Physical Injuries

Recent improvements in battlefield medical care have allowed more servicemembers to survive devastating injuries.

Asthma More Common in Less-Fit Army Recruits

Army recruits with low fitness levels, extra body fat or both are at higher risk of asthma diagnosis in the first two years of military service, according to a recent study.

OEF/OIF Vets Have High Rates of Exposures

Recent U.S. veterans have high rates of potentially harmful environmental exposures which are linked to an increased likelihood of respiratory conditions, such as asthma.

How Ignoring COPD Guidelines Helped Veterans

Failing to follow international guidelines on treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) isn’t always bad medicine, a new study reported.

Infectious Disease Specialist Uses Telehealth for Rural Veterans With HIV

Infectious Disease Specialist Uses Telehealth for Rural Veterans With HIV

Veterans living in rural areas face a lot of challenges, the most common of which is having to travel long distances to access VA medical care.

Targeting Lung Cancer Prevention to Veterans With HIV

New veteran research is being touted as a way to better target lung-cancer prevention measures to high-risk groups.

Epilepsy More than Doubles Mortality Risk for Veterans of Recent Wars

Epilepsy More than Doubles Mortality Risk for Veterans of Recent Wars

Meeting criteria for an epilepsy diagnosis significantly raises the risk of death among veterans who served in Iraq and Afghanistan, a new study has revealed.

VA Epilepsy Video Series Offers Hope to Patients Struggling With The Disease

VA Epilepsy Video Series Offers Hope to Patients Struggling With The Disease

For many veterans, the onset of epilepsy is terrifying, and a confirmed diagnosis does little to provide relief.

Obesity Raises Diabetes Rates for Veterans, Servicemembers

Obesity and related health issues remain a significant concern for U.S. servicemembers and veterans, according to a new study published in the journal Obesity.

Veterans with HIV Responsive to Standard Diabetes Therapy

With Type 2 diabetes increasingly common in HIV-infected individuals, are standard oral diabetes medications as effective in that population?

Fenofibrate Associated With Reduced CV Disease in Diabetics

Cardiovascular risk is increased in patients with Type 2 diabetes, at least partly because of hypertriglyceridemia and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol.

Don’t Forget Leishmaniasis When Servicemembers Have Mysterious Symptoms

Don’t Forget Leishmaniasis When Servicemembers Have Mysterious Symptoms

Military physicians stumped by a diagnosis might want to consider leishmaniasis in personnel returning from Iraq or Afghanistan, according to a new report.