DURHAM, NC — Veterans have even higher rates of insomnia than other adults in the United States, and many seek treatment from their primary care physicians.

A new study in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine looked at how those complaints are perceived by PCPs. A high percentage of veterans, 20% to 39%, seen in VA primary care settings report an insomnia complaint to their healthcare provider, according to the report.1

Durham, NC, VA Health Services Research and Development researchers and colleagues noted that prior research found that sleep hygiene and pharmacotherapy are the primary treatments offered by PCPs, who tend to focus on perceived causes of insomnia rather than the insomnia itself. Those studies also suggested that neither patients nor providers are satisfied with insomnia treatment options.

To better understand the perspectives, a survey was conducted within the VA healthcare system, with PCPs completing the questionnaires electronically.

Results indicated:

  • Nearly half of respondents do not consistently document insomnia in the medical record—46% endorsed “sometimes,” “rarely” or “never.”
  • PCPs routinely advise sleep hygiene recommendations for insomnia, such as avoiding stimulants before bedtime (84.3%) and keeping the bedroom environment quiet and dark and comfortable (68.6%);
  • Many said they are uncertain if cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia is available at their facility (43.1%).

“Findings point to the need for systems-level changes within health care systems, including the adoption of evidence-based clinical practice standards for insomnia and PCP education about the processes that maintain insomnia,” study authors concluded.

1. Ulmer CS, Bosworth HB, Beckham JC, Germain A, Jeffreys AS, Edelman D, Macy S,
Kirby A, Voils CI. Veterans Affairs Primary Care Provider Perceptions of Insomnia
Treatment. J Clin Sleep Med. 2017 Aug 15;13(8):991-999. doi: 10.5664/jcsm.6702.
PubMed PMID: 28728623; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5529136.